Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


During the 1960s and 1970s there were two primary reasons why an institution had limited concern with the retention of its students: (1) there were more students than its faculty or facilities could handle. If a number of students did not continue to enroll, it was not a problem since many other students were waiting to take their place. (2) This time period involved a philosophical interpretation of equal education opportunity and the maintenance of academic standards. Many felt they fulfilled obligations for equal educational opportunity if students had easy access to institutions. There was also an assumption that academic standards would suffer if special consideration was given to any particular group of students and therefore, all were judged by the same criteria. As a result it was not unusual to have more than 50% dropout rate before graduation (Lenning, Sauer, & Beal, 1980).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

J. F. Kimball


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