Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Thought and thinking -- Study and teaching (Primary)


The purpose of this study was to determine if teaching efficient thinking strategies would increase students learning of basic addition math facts as measured by timed tests, student interviews, interviews with teachers, and the districts basic facts data. Basic addition facts are facts that are a single digit plus a single digit. The efficient thinking strategies include "count on to add," use "doubles to add," and "make ten." The research suggests that basic facts need to be improved. Students should be reasoning, problem solving, communicating, and making connections in math to learn the basics. These strategies will .help students understand math better. Students need to recognize the importance of reflecting on their thinking and be able to learn from their mistakes. By using a variety of efficient thinking strategies such as counting on to add, using doubles to add, and making ten, students can improve on basic addition facts.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

John E. Henning


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