Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


People with disabilities--Education; Inclusive education;


This literature review identifies the Universal Design for Learning or UDL method, which consists of educators representing information in multiple formats while providing numerous pathways for students' expression and several ways to engage students' interest and motivation. UDL is one way to address the NCLB (No Child Left Behind) act with a solution that will not only benefit the special needs children, but all children.

With UDL, student curriculum focuses on every child during the design phase. Graphic organizers are a part of every textbook and aide to understand the main topics. Assistive technology devices are available to all children, not just the children with special needs. There exist textbooks and curriculum materials that are re-designed with all children in mind. These resources with additional visuals for better understanding, outlines of main ideas, definitions of harder words, and fonts and colors that are easy to read.

There are many other ways to incorporate the UDL principles that will be mentioned in this paper. Some of the ideas mentioned with the UDL principles in mind include: special software, educational games, access to assistive technology, and other learning materials. This review answers the questions: What types of changes in designs for curriculum materials can be made to help all children to be successful? What types of assistive technology are important to have available to all children? The literature reviewed supports the concept that the Universal Design for Leaming methodology is the answer for better education of all children.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Terri Lynn McDonald


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Date Original


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