Workplace Safety: Perceived Dangerousness Versus Experienced Fear Among Community Corrections Personnel
burnout, community corrections, job satisfaction, probation, trauma
Criminal Justice and Behavior
Little research has assessed community corrections staff members’ perceptions of the dangerousness of their job or experiences that make them fear for their safety. Although not the same as a prison environment, there are nonetheless dangerous aspects of working with probationers and parolees in community corrections. The purpose of this study is first to determine predictors of both perceived dangerousness and experienced fear among a sample of probation/parole officers and residential officers. Then we assess the differential impact of perceived dangerousness and experienced fear on the negative workplace outcomes of burnout (comprised of three components: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), secondary trauma, job stress, and job satisfaction. The findings indicate both overlapping and distinct predictors of perceived dangerousness and experienced fear. Also, higher perceptions of job dangerousness were associated with lower job satisfaction, while more experienced fear was related to greater emotional exhaustion and secondary trauma.
Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Rhineberger, Gayle and Mack, Kristin Y., "Workplace Safety: Perceived Dangerousness Versus Experienced Fear Among Community Corrections Personnel" (2022). Faculty Publications. 5289.