Author Accepted Manuscript
BEL-LIKE HOMEODOMAIN, HOMEOBOX gene, SOLANIFOLIA, Solanum lycopersicum, WUSCHEL RELATED HOMEOBOX 1, evolution, heirloom tomato, leaf
Current biology: CB
Domesticated plants display diverse phenotypic traits. However, the influence of breeding effort on this phenotypic diversity remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that a single nucleotide deletion in the homeobox motif of BIPINNATA, a BEL-LIKE HOMEODOMAIN gene, led to a highly complex leaf phenotype in an heirloom tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), Silvery Fir Tree (SiFT), which is used as a landscaping and ornamental plant. A comparative gene network analysis revealed that repression of SOLANIFOLIA, the ortholog of WUSCHEL RELATED HOMEOBOX 1, caused the narrow leaflet phenotype seen in SiFT. Comparative genomics indicated that the bip mutation in SiFT likely arose de novo and is unique to SiFT and not introgressed from other tomato genomes. These results provide new insights into the natural variation in phenotypic traits introduced into crops during improvement processes after domestication and establish homeobox genes as evolutionary hotspots.
Department of Biology
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©2021 Nakayama et al
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Nakayama, Hokuto; Rowland, Steven D.; Cheng, Zizhang; Zumstein, Kristina; Kang, Julie; Kondo, Yohei; and Sinha, Neelima R., "Leaf form diversification in an ornamental heirloom tomato results from alterations in two different HOMEOBOX genes" (2021). Faculty Publications. 4.