Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Dissertation


Graphic arts--Study and teaching--Iowa; Graphic arts--Iowa; Commercial artists--Iowa;


Purposes. The two purposes of the research were to determine if differences existed between the perceptions of Iowa graphic arts manufacturers and Iowa graphic arts educators regarding current (1988) and future (1993) employment needs for skilled production workers and management and sales personnel, and to identify selected characteristics of manufacturers and educators in attempting to meet employment needs. The following supporting objectives were established:

(1) To identify areas of agreement and disagreement as perceived by manufacturers and educators concerning: (a) current and future demand for skilled workers, management, and sales personnel, (b) comparison of those current and future demands, and (c) selected issues regarding employment and other factors.

(2) To identify the anticipated number of skilled workers, management personnel, and sales personnel needed in the industry as perceived by the manufacturers considering current demand and probable future demand.

(3) To identify selected characteristics of manufacturing companies plus educators and their programs.

Methods and analyses. Usable opinionnaires were returned from 181 manufacturers (72%) and 40 educators (87%). The three parts of objective one were tested against the null hypotheses using appropriate t-tests at the.05 significance level. The other two objectives were addressed in question form.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Doctor of Industrial Technology


Department of Industrial Technology

First Advisor

Ervin A. Dennis, Advisor

Second Advisor

Charles D. Johnson, Co-Advisor

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (xi, 249 pages)



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