Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Thesis (UNI Access Only)


Interpersonal relations--Study and teaching (Secondary); Behavior therapy for teenagers; Problem youth--Services for; Rewards and punishments in education;


This literature review examines the present literature regarding the application of school-wide positive behavior supports in high schools. Much evidence has been provided by existing literature for the use of positive behavior supports (PBS) in both elementary and middle schools. Further evidence supports PBS on a system-wide level called school-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS). Yet, a review of present literature indicates a lack of available research studies involving the use of SWPBS at the high school level.

Because of the lack of available literature on the use of SWPBS at the high school level, this paper examines the factors that form the unique context of high schools and evidence for the use of SWPBS within this unique context. Leadership for SWPBS implementation within this unique context is also considered. While limited, the available literature on the use of SWPBS in high schools does show evidence for behavioral change through office discipline referral rates with additional evidence for a relation between office discipline referrals and the degree to which SWPBS features are implemented. There is also evidence of how varied groups of students respond to SWPBS. Overall, this is a promising outlook for SWPBS in high schools, despite a critical need for additional evidence.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Stephanie Schmitz, Chair

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (iii, 37 pages)



File Format


Off-Campus Download