Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Massage; Blood--Analysis; Lactic acid; Massage;


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of massage on blood lactate levels in trained male runners following a maximal treadmill run. Twenty-two male distance runners performed a maximal aerobic run on a motor-driven treadmill, at 9 mph and a 2 1/2% grade increase every minute until exhaustion. Fifteen of the subjects were randomly selected for either an active bicycle recovery (pedaling at 40% VO2max), or to receive a massage. A third group served as a control and lay supine during recovery. The three recoveries lasted 20 min. Venous blood was collected during the recovery at 3, 5, 9, 15, and 20 min post-exercise and analyzed for blood lactate concentration. At rest and 3 min post-exercise, the three groups were not statistically different, however, at 5 min post-exercise, the massage group displayed a significant difference compared to the control group. At 9 min post-exercise, the three groups were not statistically different, however, at 15 min post-exercise, the bicycle group was different compared to the control group. At 20 min post-exercise, there was no statistical difference between groups. Dependent t-test analysis was performed each recovery interval to compare the rate of recovery within each group. All three groups displayed a significant difference between resting lactate levels and 3 min post-exercise. Until min 9 of recovery, only the bicycle recovery has a decrease in lactate concentration. The three groups displayed significant differences between-8 min to 15 min and 15 min to 20 min post-exercise. The Results of this study suggest the bicycle group started clearing lactate from the blood at 5 min post-exercise, while the massage and control group started clearing lactate at 9 min post-exercise and that the massage group's lactate level declined at a similar rate as the control group.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

First Advisor

Forrest Dolgener

Second Advisor

Kay Covington

Third Advisor

Barton Bergquist


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to scholarworks@uni.edu and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (65 leaves)



File Format