Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Aggressiveness; Women athletes--Psychology;


The main purpose of the present study was to investigate female aggression in semi-contact sport. More specifically, two areas were examined: the types of aggression, hostile or instrumental, that occurred in girls basketball and soccer and the types of aggression that were committed within both sports. The subjects (N = 57) for this study were female athletes ( ages 15-18) who were sampled from various Midwestern high schools: basketball athletes (n = 32) and soccer athletes (n = 25). Subjects responded to a modified form of the Bredemeier Athletic Aggression Inventory (BAAGI-S). One way ANOVA's indicated non-significant differences for the hostile aggression and instrumental aggression subscale scores between basketball and soccer. Paired t-tests revealed significant differences within the hostile and instrumental means for the basketball players. Further testing also revealed a significant difference within the hostile and instrumental scores for the soccer athletes. Demographic results indicated homogeneous characteristics for the variables of years in sport and age.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

First Advisor

Sharon Huddleston

Second Advisor

Carol Phillips

Third Advisor

Jeanette Marsh


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (58 leaves)



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