Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Soccer for children--Iowa--Psychological aspects; Soccer for children--Social aspects--Iowa; Soccer for children--Psychological aspects; Iowa; Academic theses;


The purpose of this study was to use the construct of serious leisure to identify to what extent parents are involved in their children's youth sports activities. A sample of 660 parents of children enrolled in Heartland Soccer Club in Cedar Rapids, Iowa or the Panther Pride Soccer Club in Cedar Falls, Iowa was surveyed. Both male and female parents from a variety of ages were surveyed. The research instrument for this study was the "Parental Involvement in Youth Soccer Questionnaire." This survey was created based on the categories of serious leisure and a 1997 article comparing serious leisure and parental involvement in youth sports by Siegnthaler and Gonzalez. This research instrument was created specifically for the present study by the researcher. Participants answered questions regarding their personal involvement in their child's soccer activities. Several procedures for analyzing data were employed. Independent t-tests found significant relationships between parent's involvement in their children's soccer activities and the characteristics of serious leisure.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

First Advisor

Kathleen Scholl

Second Advisor

Samuel Lankford

Third Advisor

Christopher Kowalski


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (108 leaves)



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