Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Basketball players--Psychology; Competition (Psychology); Sports--Psychological aspects;


The purpose of this study was to examine trait competitiveness in N.C.A.A. Division I male basketball players to determine if a significant difference could be found between starters and non-starters. It was hypothesized that players that usually start (starters) a game will have higher trait competitiveness scores than players that usually do not start (non-starters) a game.

The design of this research project was quasi-experimental. The independent variable was whether the subject was a starter or a nonstarter on a N.C.A.A. Division I basketball team. The dependent variable was trait competitiveness as measured by the Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ) (Gill & Deeter, 1988).

The subjects were 39 volunteer members of the men's basketball squads at Drake University (n = 11), the University of Northern Iowa (n = 14), and Iowa State University (n = 14). Subjects were classified into groups of starters and non-starters. At a meeting called by the respective school's coach, subjects completed the SOQ.

Data were obtained by adding totals for the trait competitiveness subscale of the SOQ. The subjects scores were used to calculate a group mean for both groups (starters and non-starters). Results revealed no significant difference (p = .0589) between the two groups in trait competitiveness.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

First Advisor

Sharon Huddleston

Second Advisor

Iradge Ahrabi-Fard

Third Advisor

Larry D. Hensley


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Date Original


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