Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Women basketball players--Psychological aspects; Competition (Psychology);


The purpose of this study was to examine trait competitiveness in female basketball players of Division I and Division III universities. It was hypothesized that Division I female basketball players and Division III female basketball players would not differ in trait competitiveness.

The research design for this study was quasi-experimental. The level of N.C.A.A. competition, Division I or Division III, served as the independent variable. Trait competitiveness, as measured by the Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ) (Gill & Deeter, 1988), served as the dependent variable.

The subjects (N = 190) for this study were members of women's basketball teams in the Division I Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference (n = 96) and in the Division III Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (n = 94). The SOQ was used to measure the subjects' competitiveness level. For the purposes of this study, only the competitiveness subscale was scored.

An independent t test was used to determine if the two groups differed in their level of competitiveness. The results supported the null hypothesis. There was no significant difference between the mean competitiveness scores of the Division I athletes and the Division III athletes.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

First Advisor

Sharon Huddleston

Second Advisor

Nancy Hamilton

Third Advisor

Iradge Ahrabi-Fard


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to scholarworks@uni.edu and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (54 leaves)



File Format