Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Motor learning;


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of massed and distributed practice on the learning of an environmentally-open timing task. It was hypothesized that distributed practice would enhance the learning of a novice performer compared to using massed practice in learning an environmentally-open task.

Subjects consisted of 32 college-age students. All subjects were randomly put into each group with the restriction that each group have eight males and eight females. The following three dependent variables were calculated for each subject: Total Variability (E), Variable Error (VE), and Constant Error (CE) based on the criterion time for each barrier.

Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference between the mean Total Variability (E) of the distributed practice group (69.1 milliseconds [ms]) and the massed practice group (111.7 ms). It also revealed that there was significant difference in CE between subjects who received distributed practice (14.15 ms), and subjects who received massed practice (63.2 ms). Based on these results, it was concluded that distributed practice was more beneficial to the acquisition of an environmentally-open task.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Health, Recreation, and Community Services


School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation

First Advisor

Susann Doody


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (59 pages)



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