Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


African American teenagers--Psychology; African Americans--Race identity; Self-esteem in adolescence;


This study examined the relationship between ethnic identity and self-esteem among African-American adolescents. There has been little or no research documenting the relationship between ethnic identity development and level of self-esteem, especially among minority adolescents; that is, researchers have failed to focus on ethnic identity and self-esteem at the level of individual change--a developmental process. Within the framework of identity theory, ethnic identification is hypothesized to be related to self-esteem.

Using the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) and the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM), the correlation analysis, Fisher's Z-Transformation, and one-way ANOVAs were performed with a total subject population of 142 African-American students comprising the 10th, 11th, and 12th grades. The nature of this ethnic identity construct is discussed and its relation to self-esteem and other demographic variables is investigated.

The study confirmed that ethnic identity and self-esteem are related psychological constructs among African-American adolescents. Most importantly, it was also noted that ethnic identity consists of two interrelated components, ethnic identity achievement and ethnic belonging, in addition to other residuals unaccounted for in determining one's self-esteem.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology, Foundations, and Leadership Studies


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Radhi H. Al-Mabuk


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (86 pages)



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