Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Adolescent psychology; Children of divorced parents; Forgiveness;


An educational intervention with forgiveness as the goal, was implemented with five adolescents who had experienced a parental divorce. The adolescents were all from a Midwestern city, ages 12-14, and Caucasian. The goal of the intervention was for the experimental participants to forgive their parents for a hurt associated with a parental divorce. An exploratory design with a static control group was used. Five subjects volunteered for the forgiveness education intervention, comprising the experimental group, and five subjects agreed to fill out pre- and post-test measures, for monetary reimbursement, composing the control group. The educational intervention lasted 10 weeks, and used a curriculum, designed by the researcher and modeled after Enright and the Human Development Study Group's (1991) process model of forgiveness. Dependent variables included a forgiveness scale, a hope scale, a state-trait anxiety scale, a psychological depression scale, and a self-esteem inventory. Following the intervention, the experimental group illustrated statistically significant greater hope as compared to the control group. Verbal reports from the experimental group, postintervention, lend evidence that the forgiveness education did increase the adolescents' forgiveness attitude toward their parent(s) and have a positive influence on their psychological well-being. Implications for further research are drawn.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology, Foundations, and Leadership Studies


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Suzanne Freedman


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (124 pages)



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