Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Elementary school teachers -- Self-rating of; Counseling in elementary education;


Given a presented student problem and definitions provided for the terms of consultation, referral, and educational specialist, this study sought to determine the relationship between teachers' self-ratings for personal teaching efficacy and their degree of preference for receiving consultation versus referral services from an educational specialist. In all,· relationships among the four main research variables of sense of personal teaching efficacy, sense of general teaching efficacy, preference for alternative support services, and personal comfort in seeking support services from an educational specialist were investigated. Additionally, this study sought to explore the tmpact of five teacher background variables (teacher gender, extent of formal education, extent of formal training in special education, years of teaching experience at present location, and total years of teaching experience) on teachers' self-ratings for sense of efficacy. The subjects for this study were 150 thirdthrough sixth-grade regular education teachers, 24 males and 126 females, 1 'selected at random from public and parochial schools within the Keystone Area Education Agency of Iowa (AEA 1). Forty-four subjects were involved in the instruction of third-grade students, whereas 55, 47, and 47 subjects were involved in the instruction of fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students, respectively. Approximately 41% of the sample held 20 or more total years of full-time teaching experience. Permission for and assistance in surveying teachers was given by AEA 1 administrators. Data were analyzed to determine significant relationships among the four main research variables. Pearson correlation analysis identified only a significant, positive relationship

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Barry J. Wilson

Second Advisor

Frank Barrios

Third Advisor

Bruce Rogers


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1 PDF file (101 leaves)



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