Open Access Thesis
Violence on television;
The purpose of this study was to examine the incidents of violence broadcast by American and Japanese television networks, as measured by the Index of Television Violence (ITV), to determine if they differed with respect to (a) the variation between the broadcast networks observed in each country, (b) the variation between the day observed in each country, (c) the variation between the day and the broadcast network observed, (d) the observed incidents of televised violence, and (e) the types of televised violence. Data were gathered from three national broadcast networks in each country on three alternate nights from the hours of 7:00 to 9:00 p .. m.--yielding 18 hours of examined television per country. Statistical analysis using chisquare indicates that there were differences between the number of incidents of televised violence shown on the three broadcast networks in the United States and differences between the number of incidents of televised violence shown on the three broadcast networks in Japan. In addition, differences were noted in both countries with respect to the day violence was televised. However, the two countries did not differ on the number and type of televised violence to property. Nonetheless, differences were found between the countries on the type of verbal violence to people and on the number of incidents of nonverbal violence to people. The observed variations may be explained by the limited sample of hours that were observed. This study provided comparisons of television violence between the two countries. Implied is that on Saturday, when children are likely to be watching, the broadcast networks are showing more violence. Further, in the United States viewers are subjected to issues which are addressed with raised voices, whereas in Japan, issues are addressed using a normal voice tone. In addition, in the United States viewers are being subjected to television programs which portray using physical violence. Future research is needed to compare cross-cultural components of television violence.
Year of Submission
Specialist in Education
Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations
1 PDF file (46 leaves)
©1995 Tanya I. Clausen
Clausen, Tanya I., "Television violence: An American and Japanese comparison" (1995). Dissertations and Theses @ UNI. 1437.