Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Depression in children -- Diagnosis; Attribution (Social psychology);


The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent validity of an instrument designed to measure children's attributional style. This instrument, the Multiple Stressor Attribution Inventory (MSAI), was designed by Dr. William Panak. The subjects in the study were 132 elementary students from a suburban setting in the Midwest. In the Spring of 1993, the MSAI along with the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire (CASQ; Kaslow, Tanenbaum, & Seligman, 1978), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs & Beck, 1977), the Hopelessness Scale for Children (HSC; Kazdin, Rodgas, & Colbus, 1986), and the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List-Anxiety and Depression (MAACL-AD) were administered to examine concurrent validity. Using the Pearson r correlation, the following results were obtained: MSAI with CASQ, .52; MSAI with CDI, .SO; MSAI with HSC, .36; and MSAI with MAACLAD, .39. It was concluded that a significant correlation exists between the MSAI and other instruments designed to measure depression and hopelessness which research has shown to correlate with children's attributional style.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Ralph Scott

Second Advisor

Radhi H. Al-Mabuk

Third Advisor

William Downs


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