Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


African American teenagers -- Race identity African Americans -- Race identity


The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in ethnic identity as a function of gender and academic grade level and to determine if there was an interaction between gender and grade level among Black adolescents. The Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) was administered to 179 Black male and female high school students from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds recruited from two urban high schools in a Midwestern metropolitan area with a population of 105,000. The sample included 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th graders ranging in age from 14 to 19 with a mean age of 16.3 for the entire population. Results showed that, on the total scale score, ethnic identity, and on the three subscale scores on the MEIM (affirmation/ belonging, ethnic behavior and ethnic identity achievement), there were no statistically significant differences in ethnic identity development as a function of gender and grade level. There was no statistically significant interaction between gender and grade level. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for further research.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education

First Advisor

Radhi Al-Mabuk

Second Advisor

Melissa L. Heston

Third Advisor

Scharron Clayton


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1 PDF file (85 leaves)



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