Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Drunk driving -- Prevention, Recidivism


This study examines the effectiveness of victim impact courses, a court mandated intervention program, for 2nd OWI offenders (individuals with a second conviction of operating while intoxicated) in the first, fifth, and sixth districts of Iowa. Victim impact courses are intended to teach offenders about how drinking and driving can come to affect others in various different ways. The course is intended to lower reoffending rates for those who participate. Data was obtained through the ICON database. The ICON database is utilized by the Department of Corrections in Iowa to track information concerning offenders and their offenses. A bivariate analysis, discriminant analysis, and logistic regression were utilized to test various hypotheses. Findings indicate that for most recidivism measures, the victim impact and non-victim impact group had similar reoffending rates at one and three-year recidivism. However, one exception pertained to OWI reconviction at three-year recidivism where victim impact participants reoffended more than non-participants. Further analysis revealed that the number of prior OWI convictions, not victim impact participation, was the primary predictor of recidivism. The more prior OWI convictions an offender had the more likely they were to reoffend regardless of victim impact participation. This study finds that the current victim impact course utilized in Iowa may be an ineffective tool for lowering recidivism.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology

First Advisor

Keith B. Crew, Chair


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit an email request to scholarworks@uni.edu. Include your name and clearly identify the thesis by full title and author as shown on the work.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (vii, 62 leaves ; 28 cm.)



File Format


Included in

Criminology Commons