Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Dissertation (UNI Access Only)


Learning disabled--Education--Iowa; Behavior disorders in children--Social aspects--Iowa;


This qualitative study focused on the impact of being labeled for behavioral issues in school. Individuals who were previously labeled BD (behavior disordered) were interviewed about the impact of the label and the services provided to these students. Labeling and stigma were explored. The conflict paradigm was discussed regarding the replication of our existing social structures within the educational system as a whole. The literature indicated inconsistency with labeling and serving these students. Students labeled BD are frequently segregated after being identified for special education. The outcomes for these students are bleak. They are more likely to drop out of school, remain jobless, and become incarcerated. Those men interviewed were labeled BD for an average of 9.2 years, yet received little to no instruction in the area of behavior. The outcomes for these men were dismal as well. Change is necessary in terms of how we educate these students.

Research questions included the following:

1. How did being labeled BD or served in a behavior classroom affect the students personally?

2. How effective was the behavior instruction for the individual student in terms of teaching positive behavior?

3. Were the students in special education for behavior-related reasons moved toward more integration and eventually staffed out of special education?

4. How much impact did special education teachers have on improving behavior with these students? 5. What is the perception of these students in terms of school in relation to their own success?

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Department of Educational Leadership and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Nicholas Pace, Committee Chair

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (xii, 230 pages)



File Format


Off-Campus Download