The study involved an examination of correlates of career decision making in college women and men. According to Vroom, decisions to pursue a career may be influenced by anticipated career outcomes. Students completed a career-outcomes survey, the Career Decision Scale, and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) to examine gender differences in certainty in career decidedness, expectations for career success, the importance of career-related outcomes, and personality correlates of career decidedness. Women had higher certainty scores, but there was no gender difference in expectancy for success. Regarding gender differences in the importance of desired career outcomes, women had higher mean ratings on personal development, intellectual stimulation, work performance, opportunity to work in a pleasant environment, opportunities for volunteer work, and responsibility. In contrast, men had higher ratings on income, prestige, and leisure. In contrast to previous research, we failed to find significant differences in the following outcomes: ability to manage home and family life and flexible work hours. Although Big Five Factors were related to certainty in career decidedness in women, none were related in men. College men and women differ in the importance of career-related outcomes and in the relationship between personality and career decidedness.
Conference Proceedings: Undergraduate Social Science Research Conference
©2003 by the University of Northern Iowa
University of Northern Iowa
Cedar Falls, IA
Woelfel, Cheryl and Feldt, Ronald
"The Big Five Personality Dimensions, Expectancy Theory, and Gender Issues in Career Decidedness,"
Conference Proceedings: Undergraduate Social Science Research Conference: Vol. 7:
1, Article 59.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/csbsproceedings/vol7/iss1/59