This study examined the theoretical assumption that underlies the relationship between protective self-report and negative risk measures of suicide in a nonclinical sample. The protective measures used were the Linehan's Reasons for Living Inventory (1983) and the Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency Scale (Orbach et al., 1991). The negative risk measures were the Suicide Probability Scale (Cull & Gill, 1982) and the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (Reynolds, 1991). We also included the Beck Hopelessness Scale (Beck, Weissman, Lester, & Trexler, 1994) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Scale - 2 (Butcher et al., 1989) as criterion variables. Participants (78 men and 146 women) were undergraduates at this university.
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the fit of several models (e.g., one-, two-, and three-factor models) to the sample data. Results suggested that the two-factor oblique model (the protective and negative risk factor model) provided adequate fit to the sample data. The internal consistency reliability indices for all the suicide measures were satisfactory. In addition, we examined the differential correlates for the protective and negative risk measures in this nonclinical sample.
Conference Proceedings: Undergraduate Social Science Research Conference
©1999 by the University of Northern Iowa
University of Northern Iowa
Cedar Falls, IA
Krebsbach, Amy; Naser, Sherry; Ross, Jason; and Young, Brian
"Reexamining the Relationship Between Protective and Negative Risk Measures of Suicide,"
Conference Proceedings: Undergraduate Social Science Research Conference: Vol. 3:
1, Article 26.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/csbsproceedings/vol3/iss1/26