Exploding the strategy pioneered a year earlier in Croatia, Serbian military forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina have been carrying out a campaign called "ethnic cleansing." Ethnic cleansing is defined as the removal or liquidation of all non-Serbs from the territory formerly called Yugoslavia. This campaign of expansion through ethnic extermination has included rape, forcible impregnation, torture and murder of Muslim and Croatian women "for Serbia." In response to these atrocities, the United Nations Security Council in 1992 created the International Tribunal, vested with the authority to prosecute and sentence perpetrators of war crimes. The International Tribunal is historic, both in its inception and in Article 8 of the statute, which is the first international body to establish mass rape as a crime against humanity, and therefore punishable as a war crime. The purpose of my research is to analyze the impact of mass rape as a war crime on the evolution of International Law.
A vast amount of data is available on mass rape as a war crime and its impact on International Law in recent periodicals, law journals, women's and feminist journals, and numerous reports of the International Tribunal. I analyzed the evolution of International Law through the comparative politics research model. My findings indicate the International Tribunal has had a dramatic impact upon International Law. In conclusion, treating mass rape as a war crime under the International Tribunal has set a precedent in the world community for future prosecution of these heinous crimes.
Conference Proceedings: Undergraduate Social Science Research Conference
©1996 by the University of Northern Iowa
University of Northern Iowa
Cedar Falls, IA
Wood, Crista A.
"The Yugoslavian War Crimes Tribunal: The Evolution of Rape as a War Crime,"
Conference Proceedings: Undergraduate Social Science Research Conference: Vol. 1:
1, Article 23.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/csbsproceedings/vol1/iss1/23