2019 Summer Undergraduate Research Program (SURP)

Presentation Type

Open Access Poster Presentation

Keywords

Bees--Ecology; Bees--Habitat;

Abstract

Background
--Prairies once dominated 85% of Iowa but that large portion has been reduced drastically to 0.01%. Agriculture expansion is largely to blame for the shocking percent change. [1]
--The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), administered by the US Department of Agriculture’s Farm Service Agency, aims to conserve land, improve water quality, create wildlife habitat, and prevent soil erosion. In 2011, the CP-42 program was launched specifically as a Pollinator Habitat Initiative for forbs and grasses to be planted to increase pollinator habitat. The goals of the CP-42 plantings are for at least nine wildflower species to be found in the seed mix with a minimum of three species blooming in three different periods: April-June 15 , June 15-July, and August-October. However, no official methods exist to assess CP-42 site quality. [2]
--Habitat loss is one of the main contributors to the massive decline in the native bee population and its biodiversity. Loss of land decreases the available floral resources that bees utilize for pollen and nectar, which is their main food supply. Native pollinators are essential to the ecosystem and play a large role in the pollination of about 35% of world crops. [3]

Start Date

2-8-2019 11:30 AM

End Date

2-8-2019 1:30 PM

Event Host

Summer Undergraduate Research Program, University of Northern Iowa

Faculty Advisor

Ai Wen

Department

Department of Biology

File Format

application/pdf

Included in

Entomology Commons

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Aug 2nd, 11:30 AM Aug 2nd, 1:30 PM

Assessing CP - 42 Habitat Value for Bees using the Floral Resource Index

Background
--Prairies once dominated 85% of Iowa but that large portion has been reduced drastically to 0.01%. Agriculture expansion is largely to blame for the shocking percent change. [1]
--The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), administered by the US Department of Agriculture’s Farm Service Agency, aims to conserve land, improve water quality, create wildlife habitat, and prevent soil erosion. In 2011, the CP-42 program was launched specifically as a Pollinator Habitat Initiative for forbs and grasses to be planted to increase pollinator habitat. The goals of the CP-42 plantings are for at least nine wildflower species to be found in the seed mix with a minimum of three species blooming in three different periods: April-June 15 , June 15-July, and August-October. However, no official methods exist to assess CP-42 site quality. [2]
--Habitat loss is one of the main contributors to the massive decline in the native bee population and its biodiversity. Loss of land decreases the available floral resources that bees utilize for pollen and nectar, which is their main food supply. Native pollinators are essential to the ecosystem and play a large role in the pollination of about 35% of world crops. [3]