K-12 Curriculum Supplements



Download Full Text (3.8 MB)

Download Introduction (307 KB)

Download Table of Contents (112 KB)

Download Chapter 1: Measuring & Controlling Variables in the Lab (329 KB)

Download Chapter 2: Significant Digits (294 KB)

Download Chapter 3: Laboratory Apparatus (293 KB)

Download Chapter 4: Properties of Matter (1.1 MB)

Download Chapter 5: The Atom (213 KB)

Download Chapter 6: The Mole Concept (488 KB)

Download Chapter 7: Periodicity (501 KB)

Download Chapter 8: Atomic Structure (564 KB)

Download Chapter 9: Gases (342 KB)

Download Chapter 10: Molecular Structure (173 KB)

Download Chapter 11: Bonding (597 KB)

Download Chapter 12: Compounds and Formulas (364 KB)

Download Chapter 13: Reactions and Equations (245 KB)

Download Chapter 14: Conservation of Matter (145 KB)

Download Chapter 15: Collision Theory (176 KB)

Download Chapter 16: Stoichiometry (346 KB)

Download Chapter 17: Percent Composition (198 KB)

Download Chapter 18: Solutions (452 KB)

Download Chapter 19: Thermochemistry (412 KB)

Download Chapter 20: Equilibrium (261 KB)

Download Chapter 21: Acids and Bases (359 KB)

Download Chapter 22: Open-ended Investigations (405 KB)

Download Chapter 23: Oxidation-Reduction (453 KB)

Download Chapter 24: Electrochemistry (264 KB)

Grade Level

Grades 9-12, Secondary

Document Type

Activity and Lab


The CRISTAL program was developed for the purpose of (1) increasing the number of quality laboratory experiences carried out in high school chemistry classes (2) providing learning activities designed to stimulate the development of reasoning/problem-solving skills and (3) providing chemistry teachers with ideas and strategies for creating a more student-centered classroom. The intended audience is all students enrolled in high school chemistry, especially those students needing additional motivation for learning chemistry.

The CRISTAL materials include a teacher's resource manual containing over 100 activities. These laboratories are arranged in a learning cycle format involving exploratory and application activities. One or more learning cycles are included on each major concept typically covered in high school chemistry. The learning cycle activities include high interest activities involving everyday experiences and/or interesting problems which students are challenged to solve. The guide supports the teacher in developing a chemistry curriculum which is compatible with any chemistry text. The teacher identifies the concepts to be taught, then uses the guide to select appropriate learning cycle activities to use to help teach those concepts. The guide contains student activity sheets which may be reproduced, as well as teacher notes with suggested teaching strategies on how to implement each CRISTAL activity, sample data, and answers to student questions.


Science Education Program



Original Date


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License



File Format


CRISTAL (Chemistry Resources and Instructional Strategies for Teaching All Learners for MS & HS Chemistry)

Included in

Chemistry Commons



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