K-12 Curriculum Supplements



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Download Introduction: Geoscience Educational Opportunities for Motivating Every Student (GEOMES) (126 KB)

Download GEOMES Content Outline / Table of Contents (131 KB)

Download Chapter 1: Structure and Composition of the Earth: Minerals (379 KB)

Download Chapter 2: Structure and Composition of the Earth: Rocks (516 KB)

Download Chapter 3: Structure and Composition of the Earth: Topography and Mapping - Maps & Satellite Imaging (366 KB)

Download Chapter 4: The Dynamic Earth: Plate Tectonics - Continental Drift; Earth's Energy Source; Inside the Earth (569 KB)

Download Chapter 5: The Dynamic Earth: Volcanism - Hot Spots; Types of Volcanoes (368 KB)

Download Chapter 6: The Dynamic Earth: Earthquakes - Seismic Waves; Global Distribution (495 KB)

Download Chapter 7: Changes and Forces on the Earth's Surface: Weathering and Soil Formation (970 KB)

Download Chapter 8: Changes and Forces on the Earth's Surface: Erosion and Deposition (299 KB)

Download Chapter 9: Changes and Forces on the Earth's Surface: Geologic History - Geologic Time; Fossils and Ancient Life; Mass Extinction (1.3 MB)

Download Chapter 10: Earth's Air and Water: Meteorology - Atmosphere; Weather; Climate (3.9 MB)

Download Chapter 11: Earth's Air and Water: Ocean Currents (201 KB)

Download Chapter 12: Earth's Air and Water: Fresh Water - Ground Water; Surface Water (377 KB)

Download Chapter 13: Earth and the Universe: Stars and Galaxies - Stellar Formation, Evolution and Classification; Galaxy Formation, Evolution and Classification (2.0 MB)

Download Chapter 14: Earth and the Universe: The Solar System - Scale and Distance; Planet Systems; Comets and Asteroids; Origins of Life (1.7 MB)

Grade Level

Grades 9-12, Secondary

Document Type

Activity and Lab


The intent of the GEOMES materials is to provide earth science teachers with resources and strategies that will generate interest and enthusiasm among students and teachers for the study of earth science. So there you have it—Geoscience Educational Opportunities for Motivating Every Student (GEOMES). The study of earth science should provide individuals with understandings that prepare them to make more intelligent decisions on processing issues. It should provide students with insights that make the interpretation of events in their environment more meaningful.

The format of the teaching strategies employed in the GEOMES program is designed to attract the student's interest in a phenomena, have the student learn a basic relationship and then apply these relationships in new situations. This strategy is a model used to help develop reasoning skills in our students. Concrete learners need introductory experiences such that they experience mental encounters that challenge them to do their own reasoning to find patterns. Teacher lectures and discussions without appropriate student involvement often stimulate only memorization. The activities in this guide provide thought-provoking activities organized around the topics typically covered in high school earth science. However, the teacher should feel free to add other learning experiences or alter these to fit the interests and needs of the local students. However, we strongly recommend adhering to the learning cycle format of exploratory activities, concept development and application experiences.


Science Education Program


Earth Sciences

Original Date


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License



File Format


GEOMES (Geoscience Educational Opportunities for Motivating Every Student)



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