Associations between trunk muscle morphology, strength and function in older adults
Skeletal muscle plays an important role in performing activities of daily living. While the importance of limb musculature in performing these tasks is well established, less research has focused on the muscles of the trunk. The purpose of the current study therefore, was to examine the associations between functional ability and trunk musculature in sixty-four community living males and females aged 60 years and older. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the a priori hypotheses were performed and reported with correlation coefficients and unstandardized beta coefficients (β) respectively. The univariate analysis revealed significant correlations between trunk muscle size and functional ability (rectus abdominis: six-minute walk performance, chair stand test, sitting and rising test; lumbar multifidus: timed up and go) as well as trunk muscle strength and functional ability (trunk composite strength: six-minute walk performance, chair stand test, Berg balance performance, sitting and rising test). After controlling for covariates (age and BMI) in the multivariate analysis, higher composite trunk strength (β = 0.34) and rectus abdominis size (β = 0.33) were associated with better performance in the sitting and rising test. The importance of incorporating trunk muscle training into programs aimed at improving balance and mobility in older adults merits further exploration.
Department of Health, Recreation, and Community Services
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
UNI ScholarWorks, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa
Shahtahmassebi, Behnaz; Hebert, Jeffrey J.; Hecimovich, Mark D.; and Fairchild, Timothy J., "Associations between trunk muscle morphology, strength and function in older adults" (2017). Faculty Publications. 814.