Sentencing Recommendations by Probation Officers and Judges: An Examination of Adult Offenders Across Gender
courtroom workgroup model, focal concerns, gender, judicial sentencing, probation officer recommendations
Women and Criminal Justice
Connecting the courtroom workgroup model with attributions and stereotyping based on the focal concerns perspective and gender sentencing literature, the present study investigates the extent to which probation officer recommendations influence judicial sentencing, and whether the gender of the offender further conditions this relationship. Results from logistic and ordinary least squares regression indicate that there is concordance between probation officer recommendations and sentencing by judges. Offender gender has both direct and indirect effects on judicial sentencing through its relationship with probation officer recommendations, and Black males tend to receive lengthier sentences than other race/gender counterparts. These findings provide evidence that probation officer recommendations are an important part of the sentencing process and offer additional insight on how extralegal factors such as gender and race impact criminal justice decision making.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
UNI ScholarWorks, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa
Leiber, Michael J.; Beaudry-Cyr, Maude; Peck, Jennifer H.; and Mack, Kristin Y., "Sentencing Recommendations by Probation Officers and Judges: An Examination of Adult Offenders Across Gender" (2018). Faculty Publications. 729.