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Lignin peroxidase H2 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: Purification, characterization and stability to temperature and pH

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Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics





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The wood-destroying fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium secretes extracellular enzymes known as lignin peroxidases that are involved in the biodegradation of lignin and a number of environmental pollutants. Several lignin peroxidases are produced in liquid cultures of this fungus. However, only lignin peroxidase isozyme H8 has been extensively characterized. In agitated nutrient nitrogen-limited culture, P. chrysosporium produces two lignin peroxidases in about equal proportions. The molecular weights of these two major proteins (H2 and H8) as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were 38,500 (H2) and 42,000 (H8). The isoelectric points of these enzymes were 4.3 for H2 and 3.65 for H8. All subsequent experiments in this study were performed with H2 as it contributed the most (42%) to total activity and had the highest specific activity (57.3 U/mg). The Km values of lignin peroxidase H2 for H2O2 and veratryl alcohol were calculated to be 47 μm and 167 μm at pH 3.5, respectively. The pH optima for veratryl alcohol oxidase activity were pH 2.5 at 25 °C, pH 3.0 at 35 °C, and pH 3.5 at 45 °C. In the same manner the temperature optimum shifted from 25 °C at pH 2.5 to 45 °C at pH 3.5 and ~45-60 °C at pH 4.5. During storage the resting enzyme was relatively stable for 48 h up to 50 °C. Above this temperature the enzyme lost all activity within 6 h at 60 °C. At 70 °C all activity was lost within 10 min. The resting enzyme retained ~80% of its initial activity when stored at 40 °C for 21 h at a pH range of 4.0-6.5. Above pH 7.5 and below 4.0, the enzyme lost all activity in less than 5 h. During turnover the enzyme remained active at pH 5.5 for over 2 h whereas the enzyme activity was lost after 45 min at pH 2.5. The oxidation of veratryl alcohol was inhibited by EDTA, azide, cyanide, and by the catalase inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, but not by chloride. In the absence of another reducing substrate incubation of lignin peroxidase H2 with excess H2O2 resulted in partial and irreversible inactivation of the enzyme. The spectral characteristics of lignin peroxidase H2 are similar to those of other peroxidases. The suitability of lignin peroxidases for industrial applications is discussed. © 1990.

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