Predictors of Transgender Prejudice: A Meta-Analysis
Gender beliefs, Individual differences, Meta-analysis, Transgender prejudice
Transgender people often experience discrimination and prejudice; therefore, it is important to explore the underlying factors that contribute to prejudice. Past research has found that individual difference variables (e.g., gender, political conservatism) predict transgender prejudice. In the current research, we aimed to better understand the association between transgender prejudice and 15 individual difference predictors (i.e., gender, sexual orientation, single-item political orientation, social dominance orientation, right wing authoritarianism, religiosity, religious fundamentalism, gender essentialism, gender role beliefs, sexism, gender self-esteem, aggression, lesbian, gay, bisexual [LGB] attitudes, contact with LGB individuals, and contact with transgender individuals) by conducting a random-effects meta-analysis. After screening, 82 studies with a total of 36,285 participants met the criteria and were included in the analyses. Across all studies, all predictors except for gender self-esteem (r =.09; 95% CI [-.004,.18]) were significant in predicting transgender prejudice. Overall, there were small to large effect sizes, with LGB attitudes having the largest magnitude (r =.71; 95% CI [.65,.76]) and aggression having the smallest magnitude (r =.15; 95% CI [.08,.23]). These results provide further evidence that attitudes toward transgender people are significantly related to individual differences, gender beliefs, sexual orientation attitudes, and social ideologies.
Department of Psychology
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Hatch, Hailey A.; Warner, Ruth H.; Broussard, Kristin A.; and Harton, Helen C., "Predictors of Transgender Prejudice: A Meta-Analysis" (2022). Faculty Publications. 5276.