Faculty Publications

Title

Defensive burying behavior in maudsley reactive (MR/Har) and nonreactive (MNRA/Har) rats

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Anxiety, Behavioral genetics, Conflict, Defensive burying, Maudsley rats, MNRA/Har, MR/Har

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Physiology and Behavior

Volume

45

Issue

2

First Page

449

Last Page

451

Abstract

Based upon differences in open field and conflict behaviors, the MR/Har and MNRA/Har rat strains have been proposed as a genetically-based "animal model" for the study of emotionality and/or anxiety. The present study compared the MR/Har and MNRA/Har rat strains in the Defensive Burying paradigm. Prior to testing, female MR/Har and MNRA/Har rats were placed in a 40×30×40 cm Plexiglas® chamber containing clay bedding material (5 cm deep) for 30 minute periods on each of four consecutive day. On the fifth day, a wire wrapped prod was placed at one end of the chamber. Rats were placed in the chamber singly and a 3 mA shock was delivered upon contact with the prod. Defensive Burying behavior (i.e., the moving of bedding material toward or over the prod) was recorded for each animal for 15 minutes postshock. There was no MR/Har versus MNRA/Har difference in the percent of animals exhibiting Defensive Burying, nor was there a MR/Har versus MNRA/Har difference in the latency to initiation or the duration of this behavior. Thus, these genetically-defined Maudsley rat strains do not appear to differ in all "animal models" for the study of anxiety or fear. © 1989.

Original Publication Date

1-1-1989

DOI of published version

10.1016/0031-9384(89)90154-6

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