Relationships between experiences of parental violence during childhood and women's self-esteem
Violence and Victims
The interrelationships between experiences of parental verbal aggression and physical violence during childhood and the development of low self- esteem during adulthood were explored separately for the father-daughter and mother-daughter relationships. Data were collected from 472 women between the ages of 18 and 45 during in-depth interviews drawn from five sources: outpatient alcoholism treatment, DWI (Driving While Intoxicated) education programs, shelter for battered women, outpatient mental health treatment, and randomly from the community. Control variables included respondents' alcohol problems and help-seeking behavior, parental alcohol problems, number of changes in childhood family (e.g., divorce), and respondents' race and social class. Controlling for these variables, experiences of father-to-daughter verbal aggression, moderate violence, and severe violence were found related to lower self-esteem in adulthood for women. Conversely, controlling for these variables, experiences of mother-to-daughter verbal aggression, moderate violence, and severe violence were not found related to lower self- esteem in adulthood for women.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Downs, William R. and Miller, Brenda A., "Relationships between experiences of parental violence during childhood and women's self-esteem" (1998). Faculty Publications. 3945.