Faculty Publications

Title

Mississippian (Lower Carboniferous) microfossils from the Chios Mélange (Chios Island, Greece)

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Biostratigraphy, Carboniferous, Chios Mélange, Greek Islands, Hercynian orogeny, Mississippian

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Geobios

Volume

36

Issue

4

First Page

379

Last Page

389

Abstract

The Chios Mélange is a thick Paleozoic wildflysch sequence that crops out on the Greek island Chios. It is composed of chert, limestone and volcanic blocks floating in a siliciclastic turbiditic matrix. New data suggest that the youngest blocks within the Chios Mélange are clasts of a breccia from the Kouramia-Nenitouria area that contain conodonts of late Visean or early Serpukovian age. The conodont fauna from the breccias is characterized by the genera Gnathodus and Lochriea, which favored deeper-water, open-marine facies. Elsewhere on the island, in the Papalia-Nagos area, calcareous microfossils of middle to late Visean age have been recovered from lime grainstone beds within the Chios Mélange. Allochems making up the grainstones are interpreted to have been transported into deeper-water turbiditic facies, but there is no evidence of stratigraphic reworking. Age-diagnostic calcareous microfossils include the alga Koninckopora inflata and foraminifers in the genus Paraarchaediscus. In situ Mississippian microfossils indicate that the Chios Mélange is older than Pennsylvanian (Upper Carboniferous) - Permian, as previously thought. The revised age suggests that the origin of the Chios Mélange may be related to the development of an accretionary prism during the Hercynian Orogeny. © 2003 Éditions scientifiques et médicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

Original Publication Date

1-1-2003

DOI of published version

10.1016/S0016-6995(03)00037-8

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