Faculty Publications

Title

The pain distress inventory: Development and initial psychometric properties

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Pain Distress Inventory, Psychological responses, Reliability, Validity

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Clinical Psychology

Volume

59

Issue

7

First Page

767

Last Page

785

Abstract

A new 26-item self-report measure, the Pain Distress Inventory (PDI), was designed to assess affective distress symptoms related to physical pain. Phases 1 to 3 were designed to construct the PDI using contemporary test development strategies. Studies 1 and 2 were conducted to define and confirm the four-factor oblique structure of the PDI: PDI-Depression, PDI-Anger, PDI-Pain Sensitivity, and PDI-Somatic Anxiety. The internal consistency reliability estimates were high for both the PDI total and scale scores. Study 3 examined relationships of the PDI with demographic variables and pain- and psychological-related responses. Scores on the PDI were useful in predicting scores on a pain-interference index and a pain-symptom index. Study 4 was designed to replicate previous findings of reliability and validity. The PDI total and scale scores were useful in differentiating between the responses of the clinic and nonclinic study participants. Limitations and potential uses of the PDI are discussed. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original Publication Date

7-1-2003

DOI of published version

10.1002/jclp.10173

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