Weather influences on demography of the yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris)
Correlation, Demography, Marmot, Marmota flaviventris, Weather
Journal of Zoology
Yellow-bellied marmots Marmota flaviventris were live-trapped and marked in the East River Valley of Colorado from 1962 to 1998. For females, static life tables were calculated each year from 1967, when ages were well known, to 1997. Population density was determined, and from life tables calculations were made of: survivorship of young, yearlings and adults; percentage of females producing litters; mean and variance of litter size; net reproductive rate (R 0); and generation length. From climate records a set of 14 annual weather variables was developed that described temperature, precipitation and lengths of growing season and winter. Data from 1981 and 1996 were not used since weather data contained extreme outliers in date of last snow cover. Univariate correlation matrices were calculated among weather variables, among demographic variables, and between weather and demographic variables. Mean temperature in 24 of 29 years was cooler than long-term average temperature. Generation length increased during the years of the study. Weather data were used as independent variables with each dependent demographic variable to calculate nine multiple correlation and regression models. Models explained from 0% to 58% of the variation in demography. Significant factors in each model were mostly interpreted as affecting availability of energy necessary for successful hibernation and reproduction.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Schwartz, Orlando A. and Armitage, Kenneth B., "Weather influences on demography of the yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris)" (2005). Faculty Publications. 3044.