Faculty Publications

Achievement Goal Perspectives, Perceptions Of The Motivational Climate, And Sportspersonship: Individual And Team Effects

Document Type



Achievement goal orientations, Female athletes, Perceived motivational climate, Sportspersonship

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Psychology of Sport and Exercise





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Objectives: Utilizing an interactionist approach, this study examined the main and interactive effects of the perceived motivational climate and goal perspectives on sportspersonship. Additionally, the perceived motivational climate was explored as a team level variable and multilevel modeling was used to investigate individual and group level effects. Method: 202 female club volleyball players from 25 intact teams completed the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire - 2 (Newton, Duda, & Yin, 2000: Journal of Sports Sciences, 18, 275-290), the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (Duda, 1989: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 318-335), and the Multidimensional Sportspersonship Orientation Scale (Vallerand, Briere, Blanchard, & Provencher, 1997: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 19, 197-206). Results: Two sportspersonship dimensions emerged for the female athletes, i.e. respect for the game and respect for the opponent. Task orientation was found to positively predict respect for opponents. A significant three-way interaction between task orientation, ego orientation and the task-involving climate emerged for respect for the game suggesting that the relationship between task and ego orientations and the degree of respect for the game was dependent upon the strength of the task-involving climate. At the team level, within-group interrater agreement indicated that shared perceptions of the motivational climate were apparent among the team. Hierarchical linear modeling procedures revealed that individual task orientation and team level perceptions of a task-involving climate positively predicted respect for the game. Conclusion: Discussion focuses on the impact of the motivational climate on athletic moral conduct at the individual and team level and the importance of promoting a task-involving climate with the aim to enhance aspects of sportspersonship in youth sport. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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