Faculty Publications

Title

Performance estimates and confidence calibration for a perceptual-motor task

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book/Conference Title

North American Journal of Psychology

Volume

7

Issue

3

First Page

457

Last Page

468

Abstract

This study was conducted to explore performance estimation and calibration, the accuracy of performance estimates compared to actual performance, for judgments made using procedural-oriented stimuli (throwing a dart at a target) rather than the more typically studied declarative-oriented stimuli (e.g., answering test or knowledge questions). The influence of gender and the difficulty of the action (making throws farther from the target) were examined. Main effects indicate males are more confident, but not better calibrated, than females. The main effect for difficulty of the task was significant for distance estimates, but task difficulty seemed to have no influence on calibration. Participants were poorly calibrated at all three throwing positions. Finally, correlational evidence showed little relationship between estimates and the actual distance the dart landed from the target. However, the estimates were all highly correlated with each other and a high degree of internal consistency was found in the distance estimates. These results suggest the presence of a general schema of-what individuals believe their performance should be in a situation that seems to be little influenced by their actual performance. © NAJP.

Original Publication Date

12-1-2005

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