Performance Estimates And Confidence Calibration For A Perceptual-Motor Task
North American Journal of Psychology
This study was conducted to explore performance estimation and calibration, the accuracy of performance estimates compared to actual performance, for judgments made using procedural-oriented stimuli (throwing a dart at a target) rather than the more typically studied declarative-oriented stimuli (e.g., answering test or knowledge questions). The influence of gender and the difficulty of the action (making throws farther from the target) were examined. Main effects indicate males are more confident, but not better calibrated, than females. The main effect for difficulty of the task was significant for distance estimates, but task difficulty seemed to have no influence on calibration. Participants were poorly calibrated at all three throwing positions. Finally, correlational evidence showed little relationship between estimates and the actual distance the dart landed from the target. However, the estimates were all highly correlated with each other and a high degree of internal consistency was found in the distance estimates. These results suggest the presence of a general schema of-what individuals believe their performance should be in a situation that seems to be little influenced by their actual performance. © NAJP.
Department of Psychology
Original Publication Date
Gasser, Michael and Tan, Rowena, "Performance Estimates And Confidence Calibration For A Perceptual-Motor Task" (2005). Faculty Publications. 2889.