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Landforms, Alluvial Stratigraphy, And Radiocarbon Chronology At Selected Paleoindian Sites Around Medicine Creek Reservoir

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The Allen Site: A Paleoindian Corny in Southwestern Nebraska

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Geoarchaeological Investigations in the Medicine Creek Basin around Medicine Creek reservoir have revealed Late Wisconsin and Early Holocene fluvial processes and their impact on creating Paleoindian occupation surfaces. I begin the discussion of each of the three Paleoindian sites that were discovered in 1947 (Allen, Lime Creek, and Red Smoke) and excavated during the 1947-1953 period with a summary of the original geoarchaeological investigation at the site. (For a general history of geoarchaeological investigations at the three classic Paleoindian sites around Medicine Creek, see May 2000, 2002.) The primary purposes of this chapter are to present new data and interpretations of the alluvial stratigraphy at the sites, to present the results of recent radiocarbon dating at the Paleoindian sites, and to compare the alluvial stratigraphy and ages of the sediments among the sites. The sites studied and discussed in this chapter include the three previously excavated Paleoindian sites at the reservoir, a cutbank along Medicine Creek immediately upstream of the reservoir, and an unstudied Paleoindian site (the Stafford site) in Lime Creek Valley upstream of the reservoir (Figure 3.1). © 2007 by the University of New Mexico Press. All rights reserved.


Department of Geography

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