Faculty Publications

Development Of A Core-Stability Model: A Delphi Approach

Document Type



Consensus, Content expert, Delphi technique

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Sport Rehabilitation





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Context: Despite widespread acceptance, there is currently no consensus on the definition, components, and the specific techniques most appropriate to measure and quantify core stability. Objective: To develop a comprehensive core-stability model addressing its definition, components, and assessment techniques. Design: Delphi technique. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: 15 content experts from United States and Canada, representing a variety of disciplines. Main Outcome Measure: The authors distributed an open-ended questionnaire pertaining to a core-stability definition, components, and assessment techniques specific to each expert. They collected data over 2 rounds of telephone interviews. They concluded data collection once a consensus was achieved that equated with 51% agreement among respondents. Results: The authors developed a working definition of core stability as the ability to achieve and sustain control of the trunk region at rest and during precise movement. Eighty-three percent of the experts considered the definition satisfactory. Therefore, the definition was accepted. Furthermore, the experts agreed that muscles (14/15 = 93.3%) and neuromuscular control (8/12 = 66.7%) were components of core stability. Assessment techniques were identified and inconsistencies were highlighted; however, no consensus was established. Conclusions: A consensus core-stability definition was created and 2 components were identified. However, of the initial definitions provided by the experts, no 2 were identical, which revealed the inconsistencies among experts and the importance of this study. Nonetheless, the goal of obtaining a consensus definition was obtained. Although a consensus for the assessment techniques of core stability could not be reached, it was a beneficial starting point to identify the inconsistencies that were discovered among the content experts. © 2014 Human Kinetics, Inc.


Department of Health, Recreation, and Community Services

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