Unanticipated Consequences: The Impact of a Smoke-Free Law on Assaults Around Bars
behavior, crime/delinquency theory, drugs and crime, ecology and crime/spatial analysis, other, violent
Criminal Justice Review
Among scholars, there is a discussion regarding whether types of places, or facilities, function as crime generators or whether the association between some categories of facilities and higher rates of offending is the result of a small proportion of all facilities within a given category, or problem places. This study seeks to further inform this debate by exploring whether policy changes that alter the social functioning of a category of facilities, specifically bars and taverns, modifies the spatial association with crime. Using routine activities theory as a framework, this study builds on previous research by exploring the association between alcohol-serving establishments and violent crimes, specifically assaults, following the implementation of a smoke-free law. Using data from a pair of adjoining communities in Iowa, findings indicate the frequency of reported assaults on blocks with bars as well as on adjoining blocks declined following the implementation of a law prohibiting smoking tobacco products within bars and taverns. Implications for policies and future research are discussed. © 2014 Georgia State University.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Briggs, Steven; Petrov, Andrey; and Peterson, Samuel, "Unanticipated Consequences: The Impact of a Smoke-Free Law on Assaults Around Bars" (2014). Faculty Publications. 1464.