The Late Eight

The Late Eight


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Second Edition

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The Late Eight, now in its second edition, is a popular resource for clinicians, students, and academics working with students whose speech contains errors affecting [th] (voiced theta), [th] (unvoiced theta), [s], [z], [l], Vocalic [r], [r], [sh], or [ts]. These nine sounds typically are the last acquired by English speaking children, and they are the sounds most likely to challenge school-aged students and non-native English speakers, both children and adults. This text fills the need for a resource that a student or clinician can turn to when treating a school-aged student or non-native English speaker who experiences difficulties with one or more late-acquired sound.

Resources for each late-acquired sound include:

-- Technical and non-technical definitions

-- Age of acquisition

-- Common errors

-- Key phonetic environments

-- Useful metaphors

-- Touch cues

-- Initial screening tests

-- Stimulability tests

-- Demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing

-- Phonetic placement and shaping techniques

-- Speech exercises

-- Language awareness and speech activities

-- List of words divided by phonetic and word environments

-- Minimal pairs

A companion DVD contains reproducible "cheat sheets," exercises, and word lists for clinical use. Included in these materials are:

-- 24 different demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing

-- More than 70 phonetic placement and shaping techniques

-- Different types of speech exercises

-- 35 language awareness and speech activities

-- More than 4,000 words divided by phonetic and word environments

-- More than 2,200 minimal pairs

The second edition includes a new chapter, written by Carlin Hageman, gives a motor learning perspective on assessing and treating the late eight.

In addition, the companion DVD has been greatly expanded, including 20 new phonetic placement and shaping techniques and 20 videos. Each video is focused on a specific aspect of assessing and treating the late eight, including demonstrations and discussions of thorny topics. -- Provided by publisher


Articulation disorders -- Treatment; Voice disorders;

Document Type




Publication Date



Plural Publishing, Inc


San Diego. CA


Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders

Object Description

350 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm + 1 videodisc (DVD ; 4 3/4 in.)



The Late Eight