Document Type

Forum Theme 2


Landmines and unexploded ordnances (UXO) are long-term public health problems in both conflict and post-conflict countries. Consequences from landmines and UXO incidents result in deaths, injuries, subsequent disabilities, and other socioeconomic burdens from the investments in healthcare resources (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). In 2005, the total number of landmine and UXO casualties in the world was 7,328, in which 24 percent were killed. Since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, 38,849 people have been killed in Vietnam alone, and 65,852 have been injured. More than thirty years after the war, Vietnam continues to suffer consequences, with 112 landmine casualties in 2005 (Landmine Monitor Report [LMR], 2006). The United States estimated that they dropped and fired more than 300 millions bombs on Indochina, in addition to over 60 million anti-personnel mines. Even when only one percent of those weapons malfunctioned, there would still be over 3 million of them scattered across the rural areas of the three countries, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The deadly remnants of war are great obstacles to the majority of population, who still depend on a fragile subsistence agricultural system (McGrath, 2000).

Publication Date

Fall 2009

Journal Title






First Page


Last Page



Celebrating Excellence in Traditional Research in the Humanities: Selections from the Third Annual College of Humanities and Fine Arts Graduate Research Symposium. Each piece of student work is paired with an introduction written by the student's faculty mentor.

Edited by

  • Samuel Lyndon Gladden

Selected by

  • Tristan Abbott,
  • Kenneth Atkinson,
  • Betty DeBerg,
  • Kevin Droe, and
  • JoAnn Schnabel


©2009 Duong Trong Hue



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