Late Woodland period archaeology, ceramic typology, northeast Iowa
The Hartley phase ceramics from the Hartley Fort are grouped into two wares, Hartley ware and French Creek ware, and four types, Hartley Plain, Hartley Tool Impressed, Hartley Crosshatched and French Creek Cord Impressed. This ceramic assemblage shows a blending of decorative traits commonly associated with well-established Late Woodland period pottery types of the Driftless Region and with early Plains Village ceramic complexes such as Cambria and Mill Creek. These features along with Mississippian trade pottery suggest the presence of cultural contact and interactive cultural change among Late Woodland groups of eastern Iowa, Plains Village farmers, and developmental Mississippian cultures with Hartley phase peoples. Comparative study indicates that formal and decorative characteristics of the Hartley Fort ceramic assemblage were present as individual types or components of types in earlier ceramic phases in the region. It is argued that these diverse ceramic styles coalesced in eastern Iowa circa AD 900 into the distinctive Hartley phase ceramic assemblage along the same developmental lines that led to Plains Village ceramic assemblages.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1982 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Tiffany, Joseph A.
"Hartley Fort Ceramics,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 89(4), 133-150.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol89/iss4/3