Vertebrate paleontology; Pleistocene stratigraphy; Proboscidian identification; small-mammal sympatry; paleoclimatology; Oakland local fauna, Pottawattamie County, Iowa.
. In August 1970, an investigation was made of the remains of a mammoth, Mammuthus cf. M. columbi, exposed west of Oakland, in Pottawattamie County, Iowa. A segment of proboscidian tusk, a lower third molar, and additional skeletal fragments were collected from the Wisconsin loess. Associated with the mammoth was a small-mammal fauna consisting of Phenacomys intermedius (heather vole), Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole), and Vulpes vulpes (red fox), extant species with an area of sympatry immediately north of the Minnesota-Canadian border. This fauna, here designated the Oakland local fauna, supports cooler summers in western Iowa during Wisconsin loess deposition.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1972 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Davis, Leo Carson; Eshelman, Ralph E.; and Prior, Jean C.
"A Primary Mammoth Site with Associated Fauna in Pottawattamie County, Iowa,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 79(2), 62-65.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol79/iss2/7