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Authors

Richard J. Baur

Document Type

Research

Abstract

During the summers of 1967 and 1968, digestion rate and daily food consumption of yearling black bullheads (Ictalurus melas) fed chironomid larvae in the laboratory were compared with similar data for bullheads feeding in Clear Lake. Fish were starved for 3 days and force-fed 0.20 g or 0.30 g of chironomid larvae (Chironomus riparius). Stomachs were mostly empty of food 12 hours after force-feeding. Analysis of covariance showed that the amount of food digested depended on the weight of food fed and time allowed for digestion. Tripling the size of the force-fed meal increased digestion rate 2.4 times. The Bajkov (1935) method indicated digestion rate was slower for fish feeding naturally in the lake. When food was more abundant, daily food consumption in the laboratory for fish fed either 3- or 6% body weight rations of chironomid larvae increased to 5.6% body weight in turbid lake water and 3.6% in nonturbid tap water. Fish sampled in the lake had a daily average of 1.78% of their body weight or 0.24 g of food in their stomachs with peaks of feeding at 1:00 AM and 5:00 PM. Daily food consumption was 0.77 g of food or 5.6% of body weight.

Publication Date

1970

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

77

Issue

1

First Page

112

Last Page

121

Copyright

© Copyright 1970 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

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