•  
  •  
 

Document Type

Research

Abstract

After sets of mutually equally discriminable random shapes, all generated from a single prototype, had been identified, the members of the several sets were immediately recognized as differing in associativeness or meaningfulness. The meaningfulness (m) of each shape was determined through an application of the production method. The computed values of m did not, in many cases, coincide with the meaningfulness of the shapes as judged by several trained observers. Satisfactory indices of the heterogeneity (and, conversely, the homogeneity) of the verbal responses to each of the shapes seemed impossible to obtain. Thereupon, the degree of appropriateness of each verbal response (word or short phrase) for describing its corresponding shape was determined through an interval scaling procedure. The mean of 22 scale values-descriptive appropriateness values-for each shape was taken to be the connotative strength (cs) of the shape. The Pearson r for the m and cs values was an insignificant .09. The tentative, but fairly firm, conclusion was that values of cs were more clearly indicative, than were values of m, of what the shapes signified when seen by groups of untrained observers.

Publication Date

1965

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

72

Issue

1

First Page

378

Last Page

389

Copyright

© Copyright 1965 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.