Four groups of 20 Ss each were given 36 paired-associates trials on each of six random shapes. The four groups learned verbal responses which were, respectively, high in association value and formally distinct (HD), high in association value and formally similar (HS), low in association value and formally distinct (LD), and low in association value and formally similar (LS). An additional group (A) attended to motor task stimuli during 216 nonverbal pretraining trials, while a control group (I) learned medium association value distinct syllables to stimuli different from those which subsequently appeared in the motor task. Errors and correct responses were recorded. Subsequent to verbal or attention pretraining, all Ss were given 36 trials on a discriminative motor task provided by the Star Discrimeter. Errors and correct responses were recorded for each Star trial. A significant interaction on motor performance was found between the distinctiveness and association value variables, indicating that in some manner the association value of pretraining responses is an effective variable. Significant differences among experimental groups HD and HS, LD and LS, and between groups HD and I were taken as compatible with the postulation of a verbally mediated cue for the prediction of differential criterion performance after different kinds of verbal pretraining.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1962 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Marshall, Marilyn E. and Lewis, Don
"Motor Performance After Four Kinds of Verbal Pretraining,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 69(1), 459-471.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol69/iss1/73