Since about 1900 nearly every taxonomist concerned with the violets nas referred to Viola papilionacea Pursh as the "common blue violet". Generally speaking, the blue violets of towns and cities especially have been referred to this species. In the major herbaria, the folders containing specimens labeled Viola papilionacea are frequently much larger than those for any other species of the genus. Its habitat has been reported to be "near dwellings", "roadsides", "dooryards", and "common in moist fields". Its range is reported to be "Mass. to Minn., s. to Ga. and Okla.", and it has been reported from other places well outside this area. Fernald, for example, reports it as occurring from "centr. Me. and s. Que. to N.D. and Wyo., s. beyond our limits." Popular writers, when they list scientific names at all, usually choose V. papilionacea for their blue violet illustration.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1958 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Russell, Norman H. and Graham, Jeanette
"Midwestern Population Studies of Viola papilionacea Pursh,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 65(1), 102-109.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol65/iss1/11