There are many phases of industry that need the maximal use of high level personnel. Perhaps the most important of these is engineering, particularly machine design engineering. Although there are many machine designers, only a small percentage can be described as truly creative; these few individuals, however, are among the most important men in industry whether the nation is at war or at peace. Some men may have been "born creative", but they probably did not reach their maximum usefulness until they had received experience or training or both. If industry could predict who is potentially creative without waiting some indefinite period for this creativity to show itself, the potentially creative designer could receive special training and begin producing earlier and better. Creative ability has been measured to some extent by various tests. Guilford, Wilson, and Christensen (1) have used the method of factor-analysis to define factors which may be important to creative ability. However, it is not known if these measured factors actually discriminate the creative from the non-creative person since one does not necessarily achieve validity by looking at pure factors.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1954 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
"Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Test of Mechanical Ingenuity,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 61(1), 382-386.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol61/iss1/49